The Flavian Amphitheater, better known as the Colosseum, from the Latin name. Colosseus "colossal, gigantic" is perhaps the most famous monument in the world: the giant elliptical building, with its 48 meters high has impressed and fascinated men of all ages. Certainly it was the favorite place by the Romans, whose unbridled thirst for bloody spectacles was appeased only by the sight of the bloody gladiator fights. Built on an artificial lake, the work began in 79 AD by Vespasian and was completed under Domitian. Inaugurated by Titus in 80 to 100 days of sports and games is comprised of three tiers of arches and an attic with windows. The front of the amphitheater was originally 50 meters high while the arena of elliptical shape, distributed in 86m long x 54m wide, it could hold 50,000 people. In the galleries would meet of all, sellers of chickpeas, hot drinks and souvenirs, people who rented pillows and blankets viewers nightlife. Looking out from the top floors you could see a spectacular sight on the largest city in the world. At the bottom are still visible in the basement with the galleries in which they were housed lions, the subject of shows in which men involved risked death and completely abolished in 404 by the Emperor Honorius. From the architectural point of view the Colosseum rests on a huge ring ellipsoidal often 13 meters wide and 188 meters at its widest point. This huge audience manufactured with lime and pozzolanic blocks of flint bears the thousands of tons of mass of the building, isolating it from the deep layers of the soil, mostly clay. The ring has the function of stabilizer and at the same time the shock absorber. The artificial lake on which was built the monument was obtained from a reclaimed swamp. The land was accordingly made up of clay and it was for this that engineers devised imperial stabilization of the ring that proved pivotal. After the fall of the Roman Empire began the counting of the facility for the use of its materials for other works of construction. Dispossession to which ended in 1312. Arena were mounted in record time, incredible scenery to make it exciting battles that lasted from dawn to dusk and often lit by torches, until late at night. The bloodiest, the sportule, invented by the Emperor Claudius, consisted of mixtures of hundreds of gladiators fuoribonde all against all where the massacre was to be completed in the shortest possible time. Under the arena an inextricable labyrinth of underground housed gladiators and wild animals. And in these circles of hell, between din, screams, roars, the protagonists of the show waiting to emerge into the glare of the arena, where they waited for an audience into a frenzy, using lifts and inclined planes for an appearance of great effect.
The Flavian Amphitheater is open daily from 8.30 am with input up to two hours before sunset. Admission € 9 reduced 4.50, free under 18 and over 65. Closed December 25 and January 1. The monument is included in the sites of Archaeology Card On the occasion of the exhibitions is added to the price of 2 €. From March 10, 2008, with the opening to the public of the Domus of Augustus, the ticket of € 9 allow entry to the Roman Forum, the Palatine Hill and the Domus