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Monuments Pantheon

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the Pantheon
Ancient Roman temple, popularly known as La Rotonda. It was built in the Campus Martius by Agrippa, son of Augustus in 27 BC. C. who dedicated it to Mars, Venus and all the gods.
 
Description of the pantheon:
A circular is surrounded by a circular wall, often 6 meters interspersed with niches and exedras that holds the drum up more than 30 meters;
The portico (porch) has 16 monolithic columns of pink granite, the dome conglomerate to five orders of drawers has a diameter of 43.30 meters and opens with a central eye diameter of 9 meters, which illuminates the whole interior and had to be clearly visible from a distance of 20 miles, the sun was in fact risplendervi and reflect from a distance. The central eye was the proximity to the gods according to the most ancient principle of charge. The Pantheon is the most representative monument of Roman architecture and its conservation (like many other pagan temples) is due to the transformation in the church.
After the Unification of Italy, vennnero the tombs of the painter Raphael and the kings of Italy: Vittorio Emanuele II and Umberto I, Margherita of Savoy.
Devastated by fire 80, restored by Domitian, struck by lightning in 110, was rebuilt by Hadrian agrippini along with other buildings of the Campus Martius. It was the latter that replaced it on the forehead and the original inscription which has long misled scholars about the exact chronological placement of the same. The current structures belong to the reconstruction of Hadrian.
It was later restored by Septimius Severus and Caracalla.

ROMA PASS
At a cost of 20 Euro for the validity of the three-day allows the use of all public transport, free admission to two museums or archaeological sites of your choice and reductions in all other municipal sites and cultural heritage. More information about romapass.it